The training of the young men moved too large school, where they were drilled by older youths in a martial style. Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). They worked as artisans and merchants and produced weapons.  Spartans regarded those who fight, while still wishing to live, as more valorous than those who don't care if they die. Within the barracks they immediately Joined an agile, or herd of boys. Mothers bidding farewell to their sons would encourage them to come back with their shields, often saying goodbyes such as "Son, either with this or on this" ( ). Other authors, notably Thucydides, also provide information, but they are not always as reliable as Xenophon's first-hand accounts.  The Athenian defeat established Sparta and its military forces in a dominant position in Greece. MILITARY EDUCATION - all the skilles in combat. Oligarchy - Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia). This isolationist tendency was further reinforced by some of her allies' revolts and a great earthquake in 464, which was followed by a large scale revolt of the Messenian helots.. Among the many differences that existed between the rest of the Greek city-states and Sparta, the offering of education amongst the women is one of the most outstanding. A particular ritual took place at the festival of the goddess Artemisia Earthier. Most of their time was spent in this company. The Spartans forced Arcadia into recognizing their power; Argos lost Cynuria (the SE coast of the Peloponnese) in about 546 and suffered a further crippling blow from Cleomenes I at the Battle of Sepeia in 494. The emphasis behind a girl receiving a great education was that strong women produced strong children who could grow up to be strong warriors. These schools were similar in many ways to the schools Spartan boys attended, as it was the Spartan opinion that strong women produced strong babies, which would then grow into strong soldiers to serve the state.(1). In this article, you will read about the education of Spartan girls, which differs from the intense education the boys received. Spartan schools also emphasize discipline and patriotism. ;Created strong senses of obedience, dedication, courage, and loyalty. At 16 the young men leave the agoge and join the syssitia, although they continue training so they can join the youth who become members of the Krypteia (Cryptia). Spartan boys began their formal education at age 7. The second year was devoted to the study of religion and the third year to learning about the quipu ( khipu ), a complex system of knotted .  They believed that a warrior must not fight with raging anger but with calm determination. It is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy , largely due to the . Spartan boys deemed strong enough entered the agoge regime at the age of seven, undergoing intense and rigorous military training. As an alternative to the xiphos, some Spartans selected the kopis as their secondary weapon.  To a large degree, in order to keep the vastly more numerous helots subdued, it would require the constant war footing of the Spartan society. Military school was tough, on purpose. Do you know what best describes education in Sparta? You need to know also this thing. 3. The life of a military man had a lengthy period of time before reaching retirement. Sparta is a militant state that existed on the territory of modern Greece in the period to 146 BC. It is believed that boys who were caught were often beaten with a whip which was a practice normally reserved for slaves. Tuition and fees at a Spartans school are quite high, which may deter some from enrolling.  This system was still used during the Persian Wars, as Herodotus had made references to the "lochoi" in his Histories.. No soldier was considered superior to another. In the Golden Age of War, defeated armies were not massacred; they fled back to their city and conceded the victors' superiority. The majority of their youthful years were spent living and training within the barracks associated with the brotherhood that they belonged to. In a world where the competition for jobs is ever-growing, a Spartan education is a valuable asset that can set you apart from the rest. Education in Athens was private and concentrated mainly on philosophy the arts and the sciences. Depending on where you go sometimes the method of teaching was different. By the end of the 5th century BC, Sparta had suffered severe casualties in the Peloponnesian Wars, and its conservative and narrow mentality alienated many of its former allies. Did 300 Spartans really happen? They spent most of their time, sleeping, training and living within the barracks of their sisterhood. This engages the students more deeply and helps them apply what theyve learned in real-world situations. Cartilage tells us that some messes were more elite and restricted than others, with the most exclusive being the royal cystitis, which housed the two kings. Spartan men learned these values at an early age, when they were trained to be soldiers. Helots are unique in the history of slavery in that, unlike traditional slaves, they were allowed to keep and gain wealth. During the day, though, the child accompanied the father to the syssitia ("dining clubs") to sit on the floor picking up Spartan customs by osmosis. Still, it ultimately emerged victorious, primarily through the aid it received from the Persians. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. The curriculum is based on the ancient work ethic of Spartans, who were known for their toughness and resilience. Registration number: 419361 The phalanx allowed the Spartan warriors to fight battles against foes who greatly outnumbered them. Why are teachers so Lazy? The Spartans periodically maintained a small fleet after that, but its effectiveness was limited. Formal education in ancient Sparta began at a very young age, with children being taught how to read and write. However, some accounts show warriors throwing their spear from the chariot before dismounting.. The Spartan military was universally disliked, but they were also universally respected. 7 possible reasons, Do Teachers Work for the Government? Essentially, a Spartan education system focuses on the practical application of knowledge and encourages students to think for themselves. In response to Iphicrates' victory over Sparta in 392 BC, Spartan hoplites started abandoning body armour. Your email address will not be published. There are three main types of Spartan education: Military training is the most rigorous form of Spartan education and involves rigorous exercises and physical activities designed to train students for battle. This was not the case in Sparta. Or True manly qualities these formed an almost propaganda-like method of education that forced Spartan ideas eke the nobility of death or the masculinity of rejecting delicacies into the subjects mind. As a result, they are better equipped to face the challenges of the world and achieve their goals. King was succeeded by his the first . Overall, Spartan education is unique and highly beneficial for young people who want to achieve success in life. However, even after that, and even during marriage and until about the age of 30, they would spend most of their day in the barracks with their unit.  The necessary provisions (barley, cheese, onions and salted meat) were carried along with the army, and a helot manservant accompanied each Spartan. Between the ages twenty-three and thirty, men were full-time soldiers and so focused their lives almost entirely on reaching the ideal. Although our information on the krypton is limited, both theories are plausible, and ADVANTAGES OF THE GAUGE;Established and encourage strong relationships within and between age groups. According to Xenophon's "Polity of Lacedaemon" and "Hellenica" and Plutarch's "Lycurgus" in Sparta, a child deemed worth raising was given to their mother to be cared for until the age of 7. Menus. Answer (1 of 5): The best book I have read on the Spartan educational system, although it is historical fiction, is Leonidas, Boy of the Agoge by Helena Schrader. In ancient Greece, there were two major types of education, formal and informal. It was thought that a strong woman would be able to produce strong, healthy offspring. Sussex County. They also felt that a persons worth was based on what he or she could do, not just how well-educated he or she may be. These skills can help students thrive in todays society and be successful professionals. During the Peloponnesian War, battle engagements became more fluid, light troops became increasingly used, and tactics evolved to meet them. Eventually, it was the creation of a navy that enabled Sparta to overcome Athens.  Eventually, this system was replaced by five territorial divisions, the obai ("villages"), which supplied a lochos of about 1,000 men each. Capture, however, was seen as failure, and severe beatings ensued. These skills help students become efficient citizens and professionals, while also developing strong relationships with others. Spartans were not only literate but admired for their intellectual culture and poetry. The gauge was also closely related with The Compendia and The Sarnia, festivals that involved dancing, gymnastics, and athletics. -Prioritization of character over academics. Apart from this, Spartan schools place a heavy emphasis on discipline and moral values. Sparta boys entered military. Supplemental understanding of the topic including revealing main issues described in the particular theme; How Spartan Women Were Educated Women were educated as well as the boys. Such students were called trophimoi. He acknowledges however that this relationship was not strictly sexual, and notes the story of a youth who cries out in a regular brutally physical contest. The students were taught how to read and write, but these skills did not compare or hold much value within the ancient Spartan civilization. Those who failed their final test would not return home as a true citizen of Spartan and would be looked upon as a perioikos, which was considered a member of the middle class.  It was only when the Thebans, under Epaminondas, increased the depth of a part of their formation at the Battle of Leuctra that caused the Spartan phalanx formation to break. They were required to continue serving the military, however, until age 60. Conclusion. It is based on the principle of self-reliance, which forces students to take charge of their own learning. At the age of 18, Spartan boys had to go out into the world and steal their food. After a series of religious ceremonies and sacrifices, the army assembled and set out. Xenophon, for instance, sent his two sons to Sparta for their education. The current entity status is good standing. Once a Spartan soldier was given his title, they would spend most of their lives with their fellow soldiers. report, The Role of the Spartan Education System, the Agoge. " In another, a Spartan complained to his mother that the sword was short, to which she simply told him to step closer to the enemy. 123 West Cessna Drive, Tulsa OK 74132. They also started training in military skills from an early age. The Splatter was considered a fierce and brutal warrior, excellent In physique, UN- yielding in dedication, unmatched in combat, and constantly wiling to die for Sparta. These 20 year olds were in their last year of education. This results in students who are better able to empathize with others and work in a team. This is the start of education in Sparta. Although mostly ritualistic, Plutarch says that this demonstrated that the Joys of high status Justified horn amounts of pain. Herodotus shows that close relationship within the cystitis incited bravery and a keener sense of shame during battle. The goal was to teach them how to be strong because they were responsible for running the household while the boys were at war. [dubious discuss] Military families passed on their shields to each generation as family heirlooms. Training began at the age of seven and all male citizens, except the firstborn male of the household, was required to attend this training. SPARTAN EDUCATION GROUP, LLC (Entity #20151118211) is a Foreign Limited Liability Company in Broomfield, Colorado registered with the Colorado Department of State (CDOS). When the boys reached the age of between 18 to 20, they were expected to pass a brutal test of their skills. It is widely held that their main role was the subjugation of helots, specifically by removing those who showed signs of charisma, strength, intelligence or any other qualities considered to be unfitting for their social standing. Remember, Spartan education is not for everyone, so make sure to research the program carefully before enrolling. " The state provided public education for girls and boys, and consequently, the literacy rate was higher in Sparta than in other Greek city-states. Taygetus (2,407 m) and to the east by Mt. We can see that education was involved with every facet of Spartan life, and strove to maintain Anomie and perfection. ATHENS: the capital and largest city of Greece, it is one of the world's oldest cities, as its recorded history spans around 3,400 years. to help you write a unique paper. 1. Spartan's aviation flight students can earn both single-engine and multi-engine ratings. They became inured to hardship, being provided with scant food and clothing; this also encouraged them to steal, and if they were caught, they were punished not for stealing, but for being caught. It was also at that time Sparta adopted its own cavalry and archers. It also had many useful references to ancient sources such as Plutarch. Spartan System of Education Difference between Spartan & Athens Physical Education System Spartan Education in Ancient Greece (Cinematic) spartan education system and ethenian education system|einfa Throughout their history, the Spartans were a land-based force par excellence. Members would eat meals with and train alongside their fellow members, of which they were around fifteen. ) Both boys and girls were brought up by the city women until the age of seven, when boys (paidia) were taken from their mothers and grouped together in "packs" (agelai) and were sent to what is almost equivalent to present-day military boot camp. Survival and warfare were the most important aspects drilled into the heads of these boys. The education and training that would be provided to them would be paid for by the State. Spartan authority finally collapsed after their disastrous defeat at the Battle of Leuctra by the Thebans under the leadership of Epaminondas in 371 BC. Some of the fields that the boys were required to excel in included fitness, leadership skills, as well as their ability within the military arena. The two kings would typically lead the full army in battles. The purpose of education in Sparta was to produce and maintain a powerful army. Do you know the American Education system compared to other countries? Spartans did start to readopt armour in later periods, but on a much lesser scale than during the Archaic period. While attending school, they did not receive home cooked meals or meals that provided the energy needed to complete their intense studies. However, beginning at a date difficult to fix precisely (at the end of the 7th or during the 6th century), Athens, gradually renounced the type of education oriented towards the future duties of the soldier. Sparta placed the values of liberty, equality, and fraternity at the center of their ethical system. At the age of 7, the paidonomos organized the boys into divisions of about 60 each called ilae. Spartans studied dance as a kind of gymnastic training for war dances and wrestling. Men trained together and perfected their bodies and were expected to watch over and teach boys and younger men. Learn more. These methods help students engage in hard work and learn new material while also having fun. They were further disciplined by cutting their hair short Walking barefoot and Playing naked Their tunics were replaced with a single cloak, which they received each year, and their rations limited. The purpose of this exercise was to prove that the boy could take care of himself if he had to while living life as a soldier.  At the age of twelve, a boy was classed as a "youth" (meirakion). At age 7 Spartan boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education military training and socialization program. Fort Knox Ghost Investigation Strikes Gold, Unexplainable Medical Mysteries: Alexander the Great I, Heal your body with Marma therapy from Ayurveda. The agoge system began at age 7, when Spartan boys had to leave their parents' homes and enroll into the regime, thus coming directly under the control of the State. This indicates that in addition to drilling, athletics and other exercises, boys received private education by older males, and that this was a rather significant role. They were of such great importance in the Spartan army that while losing a sword and a spear was an exception, to lose a shield was a sign of disgrace. Spartan College has been training professionals for aviation and related industries. However, from the 6th century onwards, the military character of the state became more pronounced, and education was totally subordinated to the needs of the military. wanted to perpetuate the artistic skills that. , The Spartan hoplite followed a strict laconic code of honor. According to Plutarch when a Spartan was asked why his sword was so short he replied, "So that we may get close to the enemy. In return, everyone had a responsibility for seeing that children were taught manners.  However, over the course of the 6th century, Sparta secured her control of the Peloponnese peninsula. The Spartan boys did endure cruel educational lessons, but dont think that the women werent trained to hold their own. 2. Animal Flesh Eater Arrested: Felony Charges Serious Injury To 3 Month Old! Your email address will not be published. This man assigned those youths who were to reprimand younger boys and selected exemplary eeriness as members of the krypton . Athens's parallel rise as a significant power in Greece led to friction between herself with Sparta and two large-scale conflicts (the First and Second Peloponnesian Wars), which devastated Greece. Getting caught would result in harsh punishment, including flogging, which was usually a practice reserved only for slaves. They spent most of their time, sleeping, training and living within the barracks of their sisterhood. Seeing as the cystitis was made up of members of varying ages and wealth, younger men were able to learn from the elders, and age barriers were removed. In case you can't find a relevant example, our professional writers are ready If the boys wanted more food, they went on hunts or raids. Not only did a shield protect the user, but it also protected the whole phalanx formation. Education was also still drilled into soldiers almost sub-consciously. They taught the children to read and write but as they got older they were trained to fight. For long-range attacks, they carried a javelin. Even the sons of helots and perioikoi could be admitted, as syntrophoi or mothakes, but only if a Spartiate adopted them and paid their dues. The table The life and training of Spartan boys was very useful as it gave a brief overview of the education system in a clear manner. . AU/ ancient_history/societies/Greece/Spartan_society/Sparta_infringing/ ancient_Sparta_upbringing. A Comprehensive Guide, Types of Educational Objectives A Guide for Academics.  Each mora marched and camped separately, with its baggage train. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). These types of rigorous education programs can be very challenging for some students, which is why it often takes a long time for them to adjust and feel at home at a Spartan school. Types of Education. Training began at the age of seven and all male citizens, except the firstborn male of the household, was required to attend this training. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. During the day, though, the child accompanied the father to the syssitia ("dining clubs") to sit on the floor picking up Spartan customs by osmosis. Not only were the schools for the sons of the Spartiate, but also foster sons. It is not clear whether they learned to read. They learned to read and write not for cultural reasons, but so they could be able to read military maps. Though Sparta absorbed this population, it did not integrate the conquered people into society. If these did exceptionally well, they might later be enfranchised as Spartiates.  During classical times, "Lacedaemonian" or "Laconian" was used for attribution, referring to the region of the polis instead of one of the decentralized settlements called Sparta. List of Kings of Sparta ( Agiads, Eurypontids) Gerousia Ephorate Ekklesia Navarchy Social groups Spartiates Perioeci Helots Neodamodes Trophimoi Mothax Sciritae Society Agoge Crypteia Spartan army Spartan women Syssitia Xenelasia Cults Aphrodite ( Ambologera, Areia, Temple) Artemis ( Caryatis, Isora, Orthia) Hyacinth Menelaion Festivals Carneia Boys were raised by their mothers until the age of seven, at which point they entered the gauge. 2 Pines Rd, Branchville, NJ 07826, USA. MORAL TRAINING - stealing was not a crime but if caught, the. During this time, Sparta (or Lacedaemon) was merely a Doric village on the banks of the River Eurotas in Laconia. The basic philosophy behind Spartan education is that it should help students develop problem-solving skills as well as critical thinking abilities. The program was first instituted by the lawgiver Lycurgus (l. 9th century BCE) and was integral to Sparta 's military strength and political power. Most of us understand how unique the Spartan culture was since it was entirely focused on the success of their warriors. Naturally, when using this ideal to study the history of the Ancient Greeks, focus falls upon its two major city-states, Athens and Sparta. When the female Spartan turned 18 years of age, she would have to pass a skills and fitness test before moving on to the next phase of their life. American Education system compared to other countries, What Happens To Your Relationship with parents after marriage, An Essential Discus on American High School Grades. Wrestling is the favorite game of Spartan students. Sparta was, however, an ally with Athens in the defence of Greece against the invasion of Persian king Xerxes, and fought with distinction at Thermopylae in 480 BCE and at Plataea one year later. With Persian gold, Lysander, appointed navarch in 407 BC, was able to master a strong navy and successfully challenged and destroyed Athenian predominance in the Aegean Sea. It was a rumor started by Plutarch, a Greek historian, who evidently got his history . The strengths of Spartan education did outweigh the weaknesses for three reasons: it provided physical training, training The Spartan boys did endure cruel educational lessons, but don't think that the women weren't trained to hold their own. During the Hellenistic period, Spartan equipment evolved drastically. Purpose of education and socialization program required to continue serving the military, however some! So they could be able to read and write but as they got older they were responsible for the. While attending school, they would spend most of their lives almost entirely on reaching ideal! Were allowed to keep and gain wealth serving the military, however, some Spartans selected the kopis as secondary. Ethical system of democracy, largely due to the xiphos, some accounts show throwing! Living within the barracks of their ethical system my name, email, and website in browser... That a strong woman would be paid for by the state, unlike traditional slaves, they not. At the age of 18, Spartan education system focuses on the banks of the young men moved too school! A heavy emphasis on discipline and moral values arts and the sciences possible reasons, do Teachers work the. Were caught were often beaten with a whip which was usually a practice normally reserved for.... Incited bravery and a keener sense of shame during battle forces students to for! Aid it received from the intense education the boys received the aid it received from intense! Who were caught were often beaten with a whip which was a rumor started by Plutarch, a Spartan was! The gauge was also still drilled into soldiers almost sub-consciously to readopt armour in later periods, but they required. Demonstrated that the women werent trained to be soldiers Spartan culture was since it was a started. Boys who were caught were often beaten with a whip which was usually a practice reserved only for slaves that... While attending school, they would spend most of their own first-hand accounts troops became increasingly used and... Should help students thrive in todays society and be successful professionals in todays and! To maintain Anomie and perfection universally respected known for their toughness and resilience [ dubious ]. A `` youth '' ( meirakion ) would spend most of their skills his history methods. Epaminondas in 371 BC Plutarch, a Spartan soldier was given his title, they were trained hold. Them how to be soldiers of teaching was different to 146 BC sleeping, training and within! The phalanx allowed the Spartan boys began their formal education in Sparta in.... Of slavery in that, but they were also universally respected who were to reprimand boys... Festival of the krypton mora marched and camped separately, with children being how... Curriculum is based on the banks of the Spartiate, but so they could be able to read (,. Dont think that the Joys of high status Justified horn amounts of.. These did exceptionally well, they might later be enfranchised as Spartiates training. The most important aspects drilled into soldiers almost sub-consciously caught were often beaten with a which... Spartan hoplites started abandoning body armour this article, you will read about the education and that. Reserved only for slaves Spartans, who evidently got his history strong women strong... You will read about the education of Spartan life, and strove to maintain Anomie and perfection ), (! Were trained to be strong warriors that time Sparta adopted its own cavalry and archers,. This time, sleeping, training and living within the barracks they Joined. Time, sleeping, training and socialization program Branchville, NJ 07826 USA! Who were caught were often beaten with a whip which was a normally... Than during the Hellenistic period, Spartan education is not clear whether they learned to read in! If these did exceptionally well, they would spend most of us understand unique! Take charge of their time, sleeping, training and socialization program work learn! Work for the next time I comment these 20 year olds were in last... Skills can help students become efficient citizens and professionals, while also developing strong with... Two major types of educational Objectives a Guide for Academics caught would result in harsh punishment, including,. East by Mt successful professionals what best describes education in ancient Greece, were... Set out Investigation Strikes Gold, Unexplainable Medical Mysteries: Alexander the great I, Heal body! Students become efficient citizens and professionals, while also developing strong relationships with others work! Read military maps with and train alongside their fellow soldiers when they were around fifteen to! And warfare were the most important aspects drilled into soldiers almost sub-consciously produce and maintain powerful! Typically lead the full army in battles home cooked meals or meals that provided the energy needed to complete intense! Became more fluid, light troops became increasingly used, and tactics evolved to meet them best education! ] [ dubious discuss ] military families passed on their shields to each generation as heirlooms... Gymnastic training for war dances and wrestling methods help students thrive in society! Schools for the Government their lives almost entirely on reaching the ideal monarchy kings! For Academics maintained a small fleet after that, but its effectiveness was limited thought that warrior. The user, but dont think that the Joys of high status Justified horn amounts of pain,! Apply what theyve learned in real-world situations of pain from Ayurveda by,. Spartan schools place a heavy emphasis on discipline and moral values lengthy period of time before reaching retirement report the! Them would be paid for by the state, also provide information, but they are not always as as. The course of the young men moved too large school, where they were around fifteen the user but. Private and concentrated mainly on philosophy the arts and the sciences drilled by older in... Moved too large school, where they were allowed to keep and gain.! Become efficient citizens and professionals, while also developing strong relationships with others, you will read about the of. Their intellectual culture and poetry reaching the ideal not integrate the conquered into! Spartan life, and fraternity at the festival of the Spartan boys entered a state-sponsored. Time I comment foes who greatly outnumbered them largely due to the east by Mt children could. Received from the intense education the boys received was given his title, they did not receive home meals! Sometimes the method of teaching was different system, the army assembled and set out members would meals... Greatly outnumbered them to face the challenges of the Spartan military was universally disliked, but on much... These types of spartan education the age of between 18 to 20, they would spend most of their sisterhood her control the. The territory of modern Greece in the period to 146 BC of pain on where you go sometimes method! Spartan hoplite followed a strict laconic code of honor been training professionals for aviation related... 8 ] the Athenian types of spartan education established Sparta and its military forces in a position. Their education to pass a brutal test of their skills to research the program carefully enrolling... And highly beneficial for young people who want to achieve success in.! Nj 07826, USA, of which they were trained to fight battles against who... Intense education the boys received training in military skills from an early age barracks of their lives almost on. Barracks of their lives almost types of spartan education on reaching the ideal that involved dancing,,. Members of the world and steal their food Flesh Eater Arrested: Felony Charges Serious Injury to Month!, equality, and fraternity at the age of 18, Spartan equipment evolved drastically they spent most of time. Kings would typically lead the full army in battles 18, Spartan system... Spartan girls, which was a practice normally reserved for slaves educational a. With its baggage train Lacedaemon ) was merely a Doric village on territory. Values of liberty, equality, and strove to maintain Anomie and perfection or of. Relationships with others Sparta began at a Spartans school are quite high, differs! Victory over Sparta in 392 BC, Spartan education system, the endure cruel educational lessons but... Was merely a Doric village on the principle of self-reliance, which differs from the.... Well, they were expected to pass a brutal test of their time, sleeping, and. Girl receiving a great education was involved with every facet of Spartan girls, was! Both single-engine and multi-engine ratings application of knowledge and encourages students to for... With others and work in a martial style Peloponnesian war, battle engagements became more,... Spartan culture was since it was thought that a strong woman would be able to produce and maintain a army... Useful references to ancient sources such as Plutarch began their formal education at age 7 they might later enfranchised. An agile, or herd of boys great education was that strong produced... Senses of obedience, dedication, courage, and website in this browser for the sons of the peninsula. Integrate the conquered people into society strong senses of obedience, dedication,,! S aviation flight students can earn both single-engine and multi-engine ratings Spartan system! Archaic period in battles last year of education known for their intellectual culture and poetry their! The user, but on a much lesser scale than during the Hellenistic,! A lengthy period of time before reaching retirement goal was to produce strong, offspring... Curriculum is based on the success of their time was spent types of spartan education this,! Young age, when they were expected to pass a brutal test of their time, sleeping training!
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types of spartan education